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Timing Meals Right: A Strategy to Combat Cardiovascular Disease

DALL·E 2024 01 09 18.01.44 An image of a healthy breakfast being served at 8 am in a bright cozy kitchen. The table is set with whole grain bread fresh fruits and a bowl of o

A groundbreaking study by the French research institute INRAE highlights the significant impact of meal timing on cardiovascular health. The research, involving over 100,000 participants and published in Nature Communications, provides compelling evidence that when we eat is just as crucial as what we eat in preventing heart-related illnesses.

The Key Findings

  • Early Breakfast, Early Dinner: The study advises having breakfast at 8 am and dinner by 8 pm to lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Risks of Delayed Meals: Postponing the first meal increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases by 6% per hour. For instance, eating at 9 am instead of 8 am raises the risk by 6%.
  • Late Dinners and Stroke Risk: Consuming dinner after 9 pm correlates with a 28% heightened risk of cerebrovascular diseases, such as strokes, especially in women.
  • Night-time Fasting: A prolonged period of fasting during the night, between dinner and the next day’s breakfast, is linked to a reduced risk of cerebrovascular diseases.

Implications for Dietary Habits

This study offers a fresh perspective on dietary habits, emphasizing the importance of meal timing in conjunction with dietary content. It suggests that adopting early meal times and extending the night-time fasting period could be a practical approach to mitigating cardiovascular disease risks.

The research underscores the role of diet in the development of cardiovascular diseases, which are the leading cause of death globally, accounting for 18.6 million deaths annually. Approximately 7.9 million of these deaths are diet-related​​.


The INRAE study offers a paradigm shift in our approach to diet and cardiovascular health. It emphasizes the importance of not only what we eat but also when we eat, highlighting a simple yet effective way to improve heart health and reduce the risk of life-threatening diseases. This research is a step forward in understanding the complex relationship between our eating patterns and long-term health.

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