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Navigating the Regulations for Hiring Domestic Workers in the UAE

As a UAE resident looking to engage a domestic helper, it is critical to understand the legal framework that governs such arrangements.

As a UAE resident seeking to hire a domestic worker, it is essential to be familiar with the legal framework governing such arrangements. 

Federal Decree No. 9 of 2022 Concerning Domestic Workers and Cabinet Resolution No. 106 of 2022, outlining the Executive Regulations, are key references for individuals undertaking this responsibility.

Salary and Eligibility Criteria:

While the UAE Domestic Workers Law and associated ministerial resolutions do not explicitly outline salary requirements or marital status for employers, practical considerations often include meeting minimum salary criteria, marital status conditions, and ensuring sufficient living space in the residence.

Recruitment through Recognized Agencies:

UAE law strongly advocates for recruiting domestic workers through government-recognized maid recruitment agencies. 

According to Article 4(1) of the UAE Domestic Workers Law, these agencies must obtain a work permit from the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MoHRE) before recruiting domestic workers.

Mandatory Employment Contract:

Employers or recruitment agencies must have a signed employment contract with a domestic worker, per Article 6 and Article 7 of the UAE Domestic Workers Law. This contract must be registered with the MoHRE to ensure legal compliance.

Employer’s Obligations:

Article 11 of the UAE Domestic Workers Law outlines the obligations of the employer/sponsor towards the domestic worker. 

This includes providing necessary facilities, suitable accommodation, food, clothing (if required for the job), timely remuneration, health insurance coverage, and respecting the domestic worker’s rights to retain official documents.

Working Hours and Breaks:

Cabinet Resolution 106 of 2022 on Domestic Workers Law further stipulates working hour regulations. 

According to Article 7, an employer/sponsor may not require a domestic worker to work more than 12 hours daily, with a mandatory break after eight continuous work hours. 

Additionally, Article 8 emphasizes the entitlement of a domestic worker to a weekly holiday.

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