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Hottest Year on Record: Earth’s Alarming Temperature Surge

The last 12 months have marked the hottest period ever recorded on Earth, as confirmed by a new report from Climate Central, a nonprofit science research group. 

The report attributes this unprecedented heat to burning fossil fuels and other human actions that release planet-warming gases.

Over the year, an astounding 90% of the global population, equivalent to 7.3 billion people, experienced at least ten days of exceptionally high temperatures at least three times more likely due to climate change.

Alarming Global Temperature Rise:

The average global temperature exceeded the pre-industrial climate by 1.3 degrees Celsius (2.3 degrees Fahrenheit), nearing the 1.5 C (2.7 F) limit set by the Paris Agreement. 

The report highlights the impact, with 1.9 billion people, or one in four humans, enduring hazardous heatwaves.

Region-Specific Consequences:

The extreme heat caused devastating rainfall in several regions due to a warmer atmosphere holding more water vapor. It led to Africa’s deadliest storm, Storm Daniel, and damages in Greece, Bulgaria, and Turkey. 

In India, 1.2 billion people experienced elevated temperatures. Drought in Brazil’s Amazon region dried rivers to historic lows, causing food and freshwater shortages. 

The US witnessed 383 deaths from extreme weather events, including the Maui wildfire. Wildfires in Canada resulted in one in 200 people evacuating their homes, and Jamaica faced high temperatures four times more likely due to climate change.

Oceans’ Critical Role:

Oceans have absorbed a marked portion of the excess heat caused by climate change, serving as the planet’s thermostat. 

However, they are nearing their limit. Kim Cobb, a climate scientist at Brown University, emphasized the crucial role of oceans in our ecosystem, economy, and infrastructure.

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